Ljubljana (Koper), Slovenia
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Slovenia's largest port possesses a long and colorful history. Over the course of two millennia, the city has been ruled by the Roman Empire, the Republic of Venice, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Italy and Yugoslavia. Koper's history has been well-preserved in its city center, which boasts well-preserved medieval squares, a 15th century Venetian palace and Slovenia's largest cathedral.
Koper is also your gateway to Slovenia proper. Ljubljana, the nation's capital, is a mere 90-minute drive away. The political and cultural heart of Slovenia, Ljubljana is a graceful city of Baroque and Art Nouveau architecture and bridges. The region surrounding Koper is also home to Slovenia's largest cave and the Lipica Stud Farm, home of the legendary Lipizzaner horses.
Slovenia is a seismically active country. In 1511 and 1895, Ljubljana was devastated by massive earthquakes. Rebuilding resulted in the city's distinctive architecture.