Rome (Civitavecchia), Italy
A renaissance fort guards the harbor of Civitavecchia, gateway to Rome -- one of the world's greatest cities. From its inception in 753 B.C. to the days of its decline, Rome has been the focal point for many of the world's greatest artists, architects, rulers and philosophers.
This grandest monument still stands as a reminder of the mighty Roman Empire. Seating 50,000, the arena was flooded for naval battles, then dried and sanded in just a few hours for battling gladiators.
St. Peter's Basilica
Located in Vatican City, the world's smallest sovereign state, St. Peter's Basilica is the world's largest church and a major achievement of the Renaissance, with the Sistine Chapel and Michelangelo's famous paintings: "The Creation of the World" and "The Last Judgment."
This amazing cylindrical building, built in the first century, features 16 enormous columns that support the portico and an enormous dome. Italian kings are buried here along with the painter Raphael. It is one of the most well-preserved monuments of antiquity.
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