The capital of Brazil's Bahia State, Salvador boasts a languid tropical climate, miles of pristine beaches, and lush tropical vegetation. The city is also home to over 165 churches - and the densest concentration of Baroque architecture in Latin America. Little wonder that this former capital of Brazil, founded in 1549, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The heart of Salvador's historic city center is the Pelourinho District - named after the pillory where prisoners and slaves were once punished. The district's 17th-century buildings are today home to chic boutiques and galleries.